Glossary

  • Activist - a person who campaigns to bring about political or social change. (4)

  • Advocate - a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy. (7)

  • Alien Land Law - Passed in 1913, it prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or possessing long-term leases over it, but permitted leases lasting up to three years. It affected the Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Korean immigrant farmers in California (Definition from Wikipedia). (3)

  • Annexation - the administrative and usually illegal action relating to the forcible acquisition of one state's territory by another state. (4)

  • Arirang - Korean folk song representing separation and lost love. (1)

  • Armistice - an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce. (6)

  • Asian American - an American who is of Asian (in particular East Asian) descent. (5)

  • Bibimbap - a Korean dish consisting of rice topped with sautéed vegetables, chili paste, and beef or other meat, sometimes with the addition of a raw or fried egg. (8)

  • Biography - an account of someone's life written by someone else. (8)

  • Black-Korean Conflict - negative interactions between Korean merchants and Black consumers in urban communities. The nature of this conflict has resulted in anti-Asian sentiments and angry attitudes that have escalated the conflict to boycotts of Korean business interests, beatings due to mistaken identities, deaths of merchants and consumers and, in the case of the 1992 urban uprisings in Los Angeles, looting and burning of targeted-Korean businesses. (7)

  • Civil unrest - acts of violence and disorder detrimental to public law and order. (7) 

  • Cold War - an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II. It was waged mainly on political, economic, and propaganda fronts and lasted until 1991. (6)

  • Economic disparity - unequal distribution of wealth and opportunity. (7)

  • Ethnicity - the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition. (5)

  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 - suspended the immigration of Chinese laborers (skilled or unskilled). (1)

  • Colonialism - the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. (4)

  • Deportation - the action of deporting a foreigner from a country. (2)

  • Diaspora - populations, such as members of an ethnic or religious group, that originated from the same place but dispersed to different locations. (1)

  • Dixiecrat - Southern democrats who were opposed to desegregation and civil rights legislation and policies. (2)

  • Famine - extreme scarcity of food. (2)

  • Genre - a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter. (8)

  • Gongnip Hyophoe - also known as “Cooperative Association." These were designed to develop democratic policies and institutions for the future founding of a democratic and independent Korean nation. (2)

  • Hallyu/The Korean Wave - a Chinese term which, when translated, literally means “Korean Wave”. It is a collective term used to refer to the phenomenal growth of Korean culture. (8)

  • Humanitarian - a person who seeks to promote human welfare; a philanthropist.

  • Immigrant - anyone living in the U.S. who is not a U.S. citizen. (3)

  • Immigrant wave - The migration of many people simultaneously, so that they appear at once at a given place in great numbers in comparison with those that go before or come after. (1)

  • Immigration laws - laws and enforcements dealing with immigration into the United States. (3)

  • Imperialism - a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. (4)

  • Independence - condition of a nation, country, or state in which residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over its territory. (4)

  • Injustice - an unjust act or occurrence; lack of fairness or justice. (7)

  • Justice - just behavior or treatment. (7)

  • Korean Labor Bureau (KLB) -  a Labor Bureau opened by Dosan to facilitate employment and help bring Koreans to Riverside. (2)

  • Korean National Association - political organization established in 1909 to fight Japan's colonial policies and occupation in Korea. (2)

  • Korean Provisional Government - a partially recognized Korean government-in-exile based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chongqing, during the Japanese colonial rule of Korea. (2)

  • Korean War - conflict fought between North Korea and South Korea from 25 June 1950 to 27 July 1953. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following clashes along the border and rebellions in South Korea.  North Korea was supported by China and the Soviet Union while South Korea was supported by the United Nations, principally the United States. The fighting ended with an armistice on 27 July 1953. (6)

  • K-pop - Korean popular music, a popular genre of music originating from South Korea. K-pop songs contain many musical influences, such as hip-hop, electronic dance, jazz, and rock, performed by groups featuring anywhere from four to 21 members.​ (8)

  • Maeuntang - spicy fish stew is a hot spicy Korean cuisine fish soup boiled with gochujang and various vegetables. (8)

  • Memoir - a historical account or biography written from personal knowledge or special sources. (8)

  • Marginalized people - groups or communities experiencing discrimination and exclusion within society. (7

  • Microaggression - indirect, subtle, or unintentional discrimination against members of a marginalized group. (5)

  • Multicultural - relating to or constituting several cultural or ethnic groups within a society. (5)

  • Multiethnic - relating to or constituting several ethnic groups. (5)

  • Occupation - the takeover and control of one country by another. (4)

  • Pachappa Camp - founded in 1905 and is considered to be the first Korean settlement established in the United States. Located in downtown Riverside, California. (2)

  • Popular culture - culture based on the tastes of ordinary people rather than an educated elite. (8)

  • Popular music - music appealing to the popular taste, including rock and pop and also soul, country, reggae, rap, and dance music. (8)

  • Quota system - a system, originally determined by legislation in 1921, of limiting by nationality the number of immigrants who may enter the U.S. each year. (1)

  • Race-based segregation - segregation based on “race.” (3)

  • Racial divide - division of humans by race. (5)

  • Racism - prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against a person or people on the basis of their membership in a particular racial or ethnic group, typically one that is a minority or marginalized. (5)

  • Riot - a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd; a form of civil unrest. (7)

  • Self Determination - the process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government. (4)

  • Solidarity - a sense of unity and community based on shared or common interests, goals, ideology, or beliefs. (7)

  • South Central Los Angeles - area in southern Los Angeles County, CA that lies within the city limits of Los Angeles, south of downtown. (7)

  • Sovereignty - the authority of a state to govern itself or another state. (4)

  • Transnational Adoptions - International adoption, also referred to as inter-country adoption or transnational adoption, means a child who is born in one country is adopted by a family from another country. (6)

  • Uprising  -the act of resistance. (7)

  • US Army - The United States Army is the land service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the eight U.S. uniformed services, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the U.S. Constitution. (5)

  • US-Korea Relations - commenced in 1950, when the United States helped establish the modern state of South Korea, also known as the Republic of Korea, and fought on its UN-sponsored side in the Korean War. (6)

  • War hero - a person who is admired for bravery in war. (5)

  • White supremacy - belief that white people are the superior race and should dominate society. (3)​​

  • World War II - World War II, also called Second World War, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45. The principal belligerents were the Axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan—and the Allies—France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China. (5)​​​​​